2018

Salim Islam, PhD

Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, INRS – Institut Armand-Frappier Bacterial social networking via outer-membrane extrusion: towards an understanding of colonization and persistence Bacteria can colonize both living and non-living surfaces, leading to the development of a microbial community. However, the manner in which different types of bacterial cells interact with each other in such densely-populated…

2018

Robert Huber, PhD

Department of Biology, Trent University Using the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum to study neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis Mutations in CLN5 cause late-infantile, juvenile, and adults forms of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL), commonly known as Batten disease. This devastating neurological disorder, which is linked to mutations in 13 genetically distinct genes, affects all ages and ethnicities and…

2018

Nomazulu Dlamini, MD PhD

Division of Neurology, The Hospital for Sick Children Neural network reorganization and maladaptive plasticity in dystonia post childhood basal ganglia stroke Dystonia is a disabling and often painful disorder characterized by involuntary, repetitive muscle contractions, twisting movements and abnormal posturing. It is often resistant to treatment, and many children with dystonia develop fixed deformities with…

2018

Dylan Cooke, PhD

Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University Accelerated mapping of individual variation in brain organization with online detection of EMG activity Individuality is widely celebrated in human culture but rarely studied in the laboratory. As with dexterity and athletic coordination, brain organization varies significantly between individuals, though it is not known whether “natural…

2018

Kyle Biggar, PhD

Department of Biology, Carleton University Identification of new substrates of the histone methyltransferase enzyme, SMYD3, and their implication in lung cancer development Lysine methylation plays a critical role in the development of many human diseases. These small chemical protein modifications allow cells to exert greater control over protein function. Importantly, proteins that control this lysine…

2018

Ali Abdul-Sater, PhD

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University Dissecting the role of TRAF1 in regulating inflammatory and autoimmune diseases Autoimmune diseases like Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) are largely driven by abnormal inflammatory responses. Recent research from Dr Abdul-Sater’s group showed that TRAF1, an immune signaling molecule associated with increased risk to RA, can control inflammation. They…

2017

Julien van Grevenynghe, PhD

Department of Infectious diseases, immunity, cancer and epidemiology, INRS – Institut Armand-Frappier and the Université du Québec Autophagy regulates CD8 T-cell killing activity during chronic HIV-1 infection Autophagy, a natural self-destructive process in cells, eliminates some viruses from cells, and also plays a role in shaping functions of T cells, a primary part of the…

2017

Adena Scheer, MD

Department of Surgery, St Michael’s Hospital, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, and the University of Toronto Cross-cultural communications in breast cancer treatment Among minorities, disparities in breast cancer treatments have been demonstrated across the developed world and have been associated with worse cancer outcomes. In Canada we have the highest rate of foreign-born individuals among…

2017

Gareth Lim, PhD

CRCHUM, Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal Evaluating the therapeutic potential of 14-3-3ζ for the treatment of obesity Approximately 25% of Canadians are either overweight or obese. Current therapies have only modest success in reducing body weight, and surprisingly, none directly target fat cells, which are key in the development of obesity.

2017

Catherine Larochelle, MD PhD

CRCHUM, Department of Neurosciences, Université de Montréal Molecular mechanisms underlying T lymphocytes interactions with oligodendrocytes in neuroinflammation In multiple sclerosis (MS), there is an abnormal response of immune cells against cells of the brain and spinal cord. Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-producing cells that support and insulate neurons, are injured by the inflammatory response, leaving neurons vulnerable.…