2015

Petra Kienesberger, PhD

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University Role of the adipokine autotaxin in obesity-associated insulin resistance Insulin resistance, a major complication of obesity, is a condition where tissues such as skeletal muscle become unresponsive to the blood sugar-lowering hormone insulin. Insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes, which is associated with a shorter…

2015

Morgan Langille, PhD

Department of Pharmacology, Dalhousie University Design and implementation of a human microbiome interaction database It is becoming increasingly apparent that the microbes living on and in our bodies, called the human microbiome, are important for human health. These microbes help with the digestion of food, defend against unwanted pathogens, stimulate and keep our immune systems…

2015

Joon Lee, PhD

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo Personalized predictive analytics based on electronic medical data and patient similarity metrics As hospitals and doctors’ offices in Canada rapidly adopt electronic medical records (EMRs), the enormous clinical value of ever-increasing EMR data is receiving the spotlight. In particular, massive EMR data can facilitate personalized…

2015

Catherine Martel, PhD

Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal/ Montreal Heart Institute Research Centre Lymphatic vessel function in atherosclerosis High blood cholesterol is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is called “good cholesterol” because it transports cholesterol away from tissues, such as the blood vessel walls, carrying cholesterol through the blood…

2015

Michael Suits, PhD

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Wilfrid Laurier University Protein structure-function relationships in periodontal disease In the mouth, a wide variety of microorganisms are embedded in biofilms that contribute to periodontal diseases such as gum disease and tooth decay. To understand the contribution of a consortium of periodontal pathogens, including Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema…

2014

Benoît Arsenault, PhD

Department of Medicine, Université Laval Impact of a lifestyle modification program on high-density lipoprotein function Plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, often referred to as “the good cholesterol”, are inversely associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes risk. Several lines of evidence suggest that these associations could be explained by the fact that…

2014

Yannick Doyon, PhD

Department of Molecular Medicine, Université Laval In vivo genome editing as a novel class of human therapeutics to treat pediatric metabolic disorders Genetic disorders in children are individually rare but collectively frequent, affecting the lives of approximately 500,000 children in Canada. They often are serious, life threatening or fatal, but because each rare disease affects…

2014

Jennifer Heisz, PhD

Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University Examining the dose-response relationship between physical exercise and cognitive function in older adults Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, causing severe cognitive impairment and interfering with daily life. As the population ages, the number of Canadians living with dementia is projected to double within a generation to…

2014

Jeffrey Leyton, PhD

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, Université de Sherbrooke An advanced development in targeted radiation against muscle invasive migrating bladder cancer cells Bladder cancer affects thousands of Canadians on an annual basis. Unfortunately, bladder cancer remains one of the most difficult cancers to manage. The treatment options currently available to patients with muscle invasive bladder…

2014

Ewa Niechwiej-Szwedo, PhD

Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo The role of binocular vision in the development of fine motor skills Seeing in depth is essential for guiding purposeful movements, such as reaching and grasping for toys or food, catching a ball or using tools to accomplish complex tasks. Binocular vision provides important cues for 3D depth perception.…